The franc is the currency of New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna. It is divided into 100 centimes.
Since 1945 is part of the CFP franc.
Up to 1873 in New Caledonia, the French franc was circulated as the main currency. In 1945, the CFP franc was introduced, with coins minted for New Caledonia since 1949. The CFP franc is used in French Polynesia and has been used in the New Hebrides until 1982. Since 1985 common bank notes are issued for New Caledonia and French Polynesia, although the coins remain separate.
In 1949, coins were introduced in aluminum from 50 centimes, 1 and 2 francs, followed in 1952 by coins of aluminum from 5 francs. The 50 centime coin was issued only in 1949. In 1967, coins were introduced in nickel 10, 20 and 50 francs, followed by nickel-bronze coins from 100 francs in 1976. The overall design of the coins has not changed since their introduction and the reverse has always been identical to that of the coins the franc in French Polynesia. The only notable change is the removal of the text Union Française after 1952 and the addition of the words IEOM on the back in 1972.
Only the 50 centimes coin ceased to circulate. The 1, 2 and 5 francs contain all the national bird, the Kagu. The 10 francs is characterized by a boat of indigenous tribes. The 20-franc coin shows the three heads of cattle to the left. The 50 and 100 francs bearing the same design: a hut of the native population, with a palm tree behind, and three palm leaves around.